The Five Core ISMA Disciplines

Breathing

The purpose of breathing is the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide between the air we breathe and the blood vessels in the lungs. The oxygen in the air we breathe is used to release energy to the cells so they can run their daily jobs.  Breathing occurs automatically, however, during physical exercises the rate …

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Labanotation

LABANOTATION is the movement language used at ISMA . It is a system of analyzing and recording movement, which was first published by Rudolph Laban in 1928 as “Kinetographie.” The system continued to develop in the United States as Labanotation. It is called Kinetography Laban in Europe and South America.   Labanotation uses abstract symbols to define: Direction …

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